Segment Information and Geographic Data
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Segment Reporting [Abstract]|
|Segment Information and Geographic Data||Segment Information and Geographic Data
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which discrete financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker (CODM) for purposes of allocating resources and evaluating financial performance. The Company's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer has been identified as the CODM as defined by guidance regarding segment disclosures.
The Company’s reportable segments have been determined based on the distinct nature of their operations and customer bases, and the financial information that is evaluated regularly by the CODM. Following the Metapack acquisition (see Note 3) in 2018, the Company added a new segment for the Metapack business. Previously, the Company had a single reportable segment.
The Stamps.com segment derives revenue from external customers from offering mailing and shipping labels online and shipping software solutions to consumers, small businesses, e-commerce shippers, enterprise mailers, and high volume shippers. The Stamps.com reportable segment includes the results of brand names Stamps.com, Endicia, ShippingEasy, ShipStation, and ShipWorks. Stamps.com's customers are primarily located in the US.
Beginning October 1, 2020, the Stamps.com segment includes operations in Atlanta, Georgia that were previously reported as part of the Metapack segment. Prior period segment revenues and income (loss) from operations have not been restated as the impact was not material.
The Metapack segment consists of the operations of Metapack which derives revenues from external customers from offering multi-carrier enterprise-level shipping software solutions to large e-commerce retailers and brands. Metapack's customers are primarily located in Europe.
Revenues, cost of revenues, and operating expenses are generally directly attributed to our segments. Inter-segment revenues are not presented separately, as these amounts are immaterial. Our CODM does not evaluate operating segments using asset information, and therefore total segment assets are not presented.
The following table presents our segment information and includes a reconciliation of income from operations to income before income taxes (in thousands):
Stamps.com segment income from operations included depreciation and amortization expense of $19.1 million, $20.4 million, and $21.3 million in the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Metapack segment loss from operations included depreciation and amortization expense of $6.9 million, $7.5 million, and $2.8 million in years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Stamps.com segment income from operations included share-based compensation expense of $36.6 million, $38.2 million, and $33.7 million in years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Metapack segment loss from operations included share-based compensation expense of $6.9 million, $4.7 million, and $2.6 million in years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
No sales to an individual customer or country other than the US accounted for more than 10% of revenue for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, or 2018.
The following table presents our revenues by geography, based on the billing addresses of our customers (in thousands, unaudited):
The entire disclosure for reporting segments including data and tables. Reportable segments include those that meet any of the following quantitative thresholds a) it's reported revenue, including sales to external customers and intersegment sales or transfers is 10 percent or more of the combined revenue, internal and external, of all operating segments b) the absolute amount of its reported profit or loss is 10 percent or more of the greater, in absolute amount of 1) the combined reported profit of all operating segments that did not report a loss or 2) the combined reported loss of all operating segments that did report a loss c) its assets are 10 percent or more of the combined assets of all operating segments.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef