Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Acquisitions

v3.7.0.1
Acquisitions
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2017
Acquisitions [Abstract]  
Acquisitions
2.
Acquisitions

We have accounted for all of our acquisitions under the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC Topic No. 805 Business Combinations.

ShippingEasy Acquisition

On July 1, 2016, we completed our acquisition of ShippingEasy Group, Inc. (ShippingEasy) when our wholly owned subsidiary was merged with and into ShippingEasy, resulting in our 100% ownership of ShippingEasy.  The merger agreement provided for us to pay $55.0 million in aggregate merger consideration to the former owners of ShippingEasy, payable in cash. The purchase price was subject to adjustments for changes in ShippingEasy’s net working capital.  The net purchase price including adjustments for net working capital totaled approximately $55.4 million and was funded from current cash and investment balances.
 
In connection with the acquisition, we issued performance-based inducement equity awards to each of the General Manager and Chief Technology Officer of ShippingEasy. These inducement awards cover an aggregate of up to 43,567 common shares each if earnings targets for ShippingEasy are achieved over a two and one-half year period beginning July 1, 2016. The two and one-half year period is divided into three phases consisting of the six months ended December 31, 2016 and each of the twelve months ending December 31, 2017 and 2018. The awards are subject to proration if at least 75% of the applicable target is achieved and are subject to forfeiture or acceleration based on changes in employment circumstances over the performance period. We recognize stock-based compensation expense associated with the performance-based inducement equity award ratably over each phase based on the estimated probable achievement of each financial target. The awards were a material inducement to the General Manager and Chief Technology Officer entering into employment agreements with Stamps.com in connection with the acquisition of ShippingEasy. In fiscal 2016, we determined the achievement of 100% of the earnings target for the six months ended December 31, 2016 was probable, therefore, we recognized approximately $1.9 million of stock-based compensation expense, representing 21,783 shares, for these inducement equity awards during the six months ended December 31, 2016. The $1.9 million of stock-based compensation expense recognized represents 100% of the total performance-based inducement equity award for the first phase. The equity award for the first phase was issued in the first quarter of 2017 with 15,113 shares distributed and 6,670 shares withheld to satisfy income tax obligations. In the first and second quarters of 2017, we determined the achievement of 100% of the earnings target for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 is probable, therefore, we recognized approximately $1.2 million and $2.5 million of stock-based compensation expense for these inducement equity awards during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively.  The $2.5 million of stock-based compensation expense recognized in the six months ended June 30, 2017 represents 50% of the total performance-based inducement equity award for the second phase.

We also issued inducement stock option grants for an aggregate of approximately 62,000 shares of Stamps.com common stock to 48 new employees in connection with our acquisition of ShippingEasy. Each option vests 25% on the one year anniversary of the July 1, 2016 grant date with the remaining 75% vesting in approximately equal monthly increments over the immediately succeeding thirty-six months provided that the option holder is still employed by the Company on the vesting dates. The stock options have a ten year term and an exercise price equal to the closing price of Stamps.com common stock on the grant date of July 1, 2016. The stock options were granted as inducements material to the new employees entering into employment with Stamps.com in connection with the acquisition of ShippingEasy. The related stock-based compensation expense we recognized in fiscal 2016 and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was not material.
 
The total net purchase price for the ShippingEasy acquisition was allocated to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on their fair values. The following table is the final allocation of the purchase price (in thousands, except years):

 
Fair Value
   
Fair Value
   
Useful Life
(In Years)
   
Weighted
Average
Estimated
Useful Life
(In Years)
 
Trade accounts receivable
 
$
1,194
                   
Other assets
   
76
                   
Property and equipment
   
40
                   
Goodwill
   
40,953
                   
Identifiable intangible assets:
                         
Trade name
         
$
1,304
     
8
       
Developed technology
           
6,948
     
5
       
Customer relationships
           
6,316
     
5
       
Non-compete agreements
           
1,111
   
3 to 5
       
Total identifiable intangible assets
   
15,679
                     
5
 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
   
(707
)
                       
Deferred revenue
   
(185
)
                       
Deferred tax liability
   
(1,603
)
                       
Total purchase price
   
55,447
                         
Less: settlement of preexisting relationship (accounts receivable)
   
1,194
                         
Purchase price, net of settlement
 
$
54, 253
                         

Goodwill represented the excess of the fair value of consideration given over the fair value of the tangible assets, identifiable intangible assets and liabilities assumed in the business combination and the potential acquisition related synergies.  Such synergies include leveraging Stamps.com’s resources, personnel, expertise and capital to grow ShippingEasy’s revenue faster than it otherwise would have as a standalone company. The identified intangible assets consisted of trade names, developed technology, non-compete agreements and customer relationships.  The estimated fair values of the trademark and developed technology were determined using the “relief from royalty” method.  The estimated fair value of the non-compete agreements was determined using the “with and without” method.  The estimated fair value of customer relationships was determined using the “excess earnings” method.  The rate utilized to discount net cash flows to their present values was approximately 23% and was determined after consideration of the overall enterprise rate of return and the relative risk and importance of the assets to the generation of future cash flows.  Trademark, developed technology, non-compete and customer relationships are each amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives.  The amortization of acquired intangibles is approximately $761,000 per quarter for the remaining estimated useful lives.  The goodwill recorded in this acquisition was not deductible for tax purposes.